Wednesday, December 16, 2009

Soon a Cyber Crime Court in Sharjah,

 According to the Minister of Justice Dr Hadif bin Jowan Al Dhaheri, speaking on the sidelines of the third International Cyber Crimes Conference in the Capital of UAE on Tuesday, said UAE's Cyber Law will be amended to match the sophistication of online crimes that are being committed every day. A federal court to deal with cyber crime cases in Sharjah and the Northern Emirates will soon be established in Sharjah, The cyber crime court in Sharjah will follow similar courts already established in Dubai and Abu Dhabi and the law governing cyber crime needs to be updated in order to match the progress in cyber technology. Thus, UAE is studying to make amendments on the executive regulations of the cyber law. It has already three judges who have a doctorate degree in cyber crimes. This cyber court will be federal and will be located in Sharjah to deal mostly with cyber crime cases in Sharjah and the Northern Emirates,

A lot of cases happened now in UAE through the internet which has affected the economy and many businesses. The main cyber crimes involved are blackmailing and pornography, and financial frauds. The estimated loss of reported cyber crime cases in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is between $550-735 million per annum. This is not including the unreported cases as some victims – corporation and enterprises – feel that the negative media exposure would cause them more loss that what they've already lost in these cases.

The responsibility should be for the CEO and CFO to start protecting their client's information. The government's role is to put this law and should take a proactive role on this, just like the US, corporations and financial organisations which are bound by law to protect their clients' information, failing which would mean a 10-year imprisonment of the company chief executives or chief financial officers and a million dollar fine.

The upcoming changes in the cyber law and the establishment of a special court in Sharjah are positive moves.

Source: Olivia Olarto, http://www.khaleejtimes.com


--
Dr.Tabrez Ahmad,
Associate Professor of Law,
KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, India,
Website: www.site.technolexindia.com
Blog: http://iplexindia.blogspot.com
Profile: http://www.google.com/profiles/tabrezahmad7.
Blogs: http://www.blogger.com/profile/15337756250055596327
Blog: http://drtabrez.wordpress.com
Research Papers: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1189281

International consensus is required on basic, necessary limitations and exceptions in copyright law for persons with print disabilities.

The United States believes that the time has come for WIPO Members to work toward some form of international consensus on basic, necessary limitations and exceptions in copyright law for persons with print disabilities. The U.S. delegation to the World Intellectual Property Organization has just delivered a noteworthy statement on its commitment to addressing copyright exceptions for persons with print disabilities.  The statement includes: This international consensus could take multiple forms, including a model law endorsed by the SCCR,. The United States is open to discussing and exploring all these options so a detailed Joint Recommendation to be adopted by the WIPO General Assemblies, and/or a multilateral treaty

The United States looks committed to both better exceptions in copyright law and better enforcement of copyright law. Not only has the U.S. called for an international consensus, it has rejected claims that addressing exceptions would weaken copyright law.Indeed, as USA will work with countries to establish consensus on proper, basic exceptions within copyright law, countries may be asked to work with USA to improve the enforcement of copyright. This is part and parcel of a balanced international system of intellectual property.It can be recognized that some in the international copyright community believe that any international consensus on substantive limitations and exceptions to copyright law would weaken international copyright law. But the United States did not agree to this  point of view. 


--
Dr.Tabrez Ahmad,
Associate Professor of Law,
KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, India,
Website: www.site.technolexindia.com
Blog: http://iplexindia.blogspot.com
Profile: http://www.google.com/profiles/tabrezahmad7.
Blogs: http://www.blogger.com/profile/15337756250055596327
Blog: http://drtabrez.wordpress.com
Research Papers: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1189281

European Union Ratifies the WIPO Internet Treaties


The great step taken by the EU (European Union) on December 14, 2009 the ratification of the so-called "Internet Treaties" - the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) - which establish the basic standards of protection for copyright and related rights in the digital environment. Now EU plays a leading role in promoting use of the Internet and in developing on-line content, the ratification of the treaties will positively influence the development of creativity within the digital environment in Europe and beyond. By ratifying these Treaties, the European Union and its member states hope to breathe new vigor into the current treaty-making work of WIPO and encourage renewed commitment to moving forward on a high level of protection for creators and creative industries." Indeed the WIPO "Internet Treaties" update the legal principles underpinning international copyright protection and the rights of performers and phonogram producers on the Internet and other digital networks.

In 2001, the EU adopted a European Copyright Directive which incorporates most of the provisions of the "WIPO Internet Treaties" concluded in 1996. All 27 EU member states have now implemented the European Copyright Directive.  In 2000, the European Union and its member states took the formal decision to ratify the WIPO "Internet Treaties" together. Indeed, these two treaties also mark the first time that the EU is accorded full contracting party status in the field of copyright and related rights. The said "Internet Treaties" were adopted in December 1996 and entered into force in 2002. With these new ratifications, membership of the Internet Treaties will reach 88 for WCT and 86 for WPPT.
The "Internet Treaties" laid the ground for a balanced system of protection in the new technological environment in areas such as the interactive transmission of copyright content, limitations to copyright and the promotion of technology. After ratification of the said WCT and WPPT treaties by EU the critics of other countries copyright law will no doubt use the move to argue that other countries has fallen behind on copyright reform, it is worth noting that: most of the countries have introduced legislation designed to do the same; the European national implementations show a wide range of exceptions, opening the door to a "made-in-other country WIPO approach; for all the claims that other countries are years behind, the EU ratification arrived yesterday.

--
Dr.Tabrez Ahmad,
Associate Professor of Law,
KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, India,
Website: www.site.technolexindia.com
Blog: http://iplexindia.blogspot.com
Profile: http://www.google.com/profiles/tabrezahmad7.
Blogs: http://www.blogger.com/profile/15337756250055596327
Blog: http://drtabrez.wordpress.com
Research Papers: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=1189281