Monday, April 30, 2012

Erosion of Internet Privacy Protection

The US House of Representatives, in opposition of President Obama's objections, has approved on Thursday the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA).

 The law encourages intelligence agencies and businesses to share information about threats to computer systems, including attacks on American websites by hackers in China and other countries, such as Russia.

The vote was 248 to 168, as 42 Democrats joined 206 Republicans in backing the bill. The "no" votes were defended by 140 Democrats and 28 Republicans.

After more than five hours of debate, Mike Rogers, Republican Representative, said: "this is the last bastion of things we need to do to protect this country."

Some members of both parties also expressed their opinion against the law. Bennie Thompson, Democrat of Mississippi, said: "in an effort to foster information sharing, this bill would erode the privacy protections of every single American using the Internet."

The White House, strongly opposed this measure that now moves to the Senate, saying it could "undermine the public's trust in the government as well as in the Internet by undermining fundamental privacy, confidentiality, civil liberties and consumer protections."

Different organisations and activist have already creating platforms against CISPA, such Electronic Frontiers Foundation (EFF). Its Activism Director, Rainey Reitman, said on the website: "we will not stand idly by as the basic freedoms to read and speak online without the shadows of government surveillance are endangered by such overbroad legislative proposals."


Sunday, April 22, 2012

Welcome to!


Welcome to! 1,254,675 academics have joined the platform, and they have uploaded 1,269,099 papers in total.

The three main things you can do on Academia are:

You can edit your profile here:

Edit Your Profile

The Team

Tip: To ensure that your page appears high up on Google, link to it from the website of your department, college, university or blog. 88% of people on who link to their page like this appear #1 on Google for searches for their name + university, e.g. 'Richard Price Oxford'.

You can disable these alerts in your Notification Settings

Friday, April 20, 2012

DrTabrez Ahmad added you to Cbtis 16 on


DrTabrez Ahmad added your name to Cbtis 16 on, the global directory of academics and graduate students. We checked your department directory, and it looks like you are at Cbtis 16. You are currently listed as an 'unknown' member: resolve your 'unknown' status by following one of the links below:

Yes, I am at Cbtis 16:

No, I am not at Cbtis 16:

The Team's office is at: 251 Kearny St., Suite 520, San Francisco, CA, 94108. To opt out of receiving these kinds of emails from, go to:

Thursday, April 12, 2012

Alarming Situation of Legal Education in Few States in India

As per the results of the AIBE (All India Bar Examination) conducted in January 2012, the pass percentage of the candidates are reflecting the poor condition of the legal education in few states. The pass percentage of the three most backward states in legal education are as follows.
1.       Chhattisgarh (39.53%).
2.    Andhra Pradesh (41.38%)
3.    Gujarat (45.7 %,) came third from the bottom.
This is due to the mushrooming of Law Colleges, no bar at the entry level, inadequate number of law teachers and outdated curriculum and teaching methods. In the exam held in January 2011, Gujarat was second last among rest of the states with a pass percentage of 40%.  There are lot many colleges in theses states. In most of these colleges even attendance is not compulsory. As for exams, more or less the same questions are repeated every year and so students just mug up some of these questions.  AIBE (All India Bar Examination) is entirely a different ball game for them as it thoroughly tests the legal knowledge of a student. Most of the students from these states are used to an examination system that does not challenge their knowledge; they find the AIBE exams a tough call. As in the three-and-half hour exam, a candidate needs to score a minimum of 45 marks out of 100 to clear it.
The Bar Council of India should take it very seriously and must take serious measures to upgrade the standards of legal education especially in those states which are backward in legal education. The concerned Govts should also take it very seriously and provide basic supports to the colleges which are lacking the basic infrastructure facilities, like library, faculty, modern class rooms, moot court facilities, computers, internet, online journal etc.
As per the current BCI norms of Part IV of the Rules of Legal Education and Inspection Manual December, 2010, now opening a new law college is very very difficult. Because the startup law colleges are required to full fill the new norms which are benchmarked with global standards. That is really something great done by the BCI. We must be thankful to all the members of the “Legal Education Committee” of the Bar council of India and specially Prof. N.L. Mitra for this great job.
However the question is that how the BCI will upgrade the said poor law colleges which do not satisfy the current BCI norms and still enjoys the BCI accreditation and approval. Now they have to seriously think about these colleges and find out effective measure to regulate them. BCI should ask them either to satisfy the new norms or shut down. Then only we will be able to upgrade the standards of legal education in India in the real sense and can face the challenges of Globalization and satisfy the obligation to allow the opening of our legal service market for the member countries of WTO.